DIRECTOR OF THE GENERAL POLITICAL BUREAU OF THE KOREAN PEOPLE'S ARMY, CHOE RYONG HAE, SAYING: "As we recall the revolutionary life and indelible achievements of our Generalissimo Kim Jong Il, we are strengthening our will and belief to honor the Great General Kim Jong Un's ideas and military power by obeying his 'military-first' revolutionary policy."
In Seoul, South Korea, 10 defectors from the North held a very different kind of ceremony.
NORTH KOREAN DEFECTOR HAN CHANG KWEON SAYING: "I heard North Korea is holding a memorial event, but we're here to celebrate his death."
And later in the day, some 150 South Koreans marked the anniversary by protesting the Pyongyang regime.
SOUTH KOREAN PROTESTER CHOO SUN-HEE SAYING: "We are holding this event to CELEBRATE the death of Kim Jong Il. We also hold today's event in the hopes that the depraved Kim Jong Un DIES soon."
The anniversary in Pyongyang comes less than a week after the young leader ordered the execution of his uncle. He was thought to have been the second most powerful man in this isolated nation. And his purging overlaps with a propaganda drive in recent weeks to tie the young Kim to his father's legacy.